Thursday, July 25, 2024
BulletinCivicsPublic Opinion

Where Do We Stand On The Israel-Palestine War?

The war dates back to 1917 when the Balfour Declaration declared Palestine a “national home for the Jewish people” under British authority. Then, Palestine was under the Ottoman Empire. The declaration satisfied the Zionist movement’s desire for a Jewish state. 

The League of Nations imposed British control over Palestine following World War I. The decision was criticized for failing to consider Palestinian aspirations for independence. The promise, combined with Nazi persecution and the Holocaust, encouraged notable Jewish migration to Palestine in the 1920s and 1930s. 

Thus resulting in continual conflicts and countless casualties between Palestinian Arabs and Jewish migrants.

Attempts of Peace

Egypt and Israel agreed to a peace treaty in 1979, ending 30 years of conflict. The Oslo Accords for some Palestinian autonomy were signed in 1993 by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat with a handshake. 

In 1994, Israel also signed a peace treaty with Jordan. However, the Camp David conference in 2000, which included President Bill Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, and Arafat, failed to produce a final peace agreement.

In 2002, the Arab plan suggested that Israel could establish normal relations with all Arab countries if it completely withdrew from the territory it had captured in the 1967 Middle East conflict. Additionally, it authorized establishing a Palestinian state and found a “just solution” for Palestinian refugees. These peace discussions between Israelis and Palestinians in Washington have not been at work since 2014.

Notably, Palestinians avoided dealings with the Trump administration, which rejected to embrace the two-state solution. This long-standing concept includes a Palestinian state in land conquered by Israel in 1967.

Present Scenario

While Western governments continue to support a two-state solution, there seems to be no solution under Israel’s longest-serving prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu. He continually opposed the concept of a Palestinian state. His present cabinet comprises far-right parties that openly advocate taking over all or part of the West Bank to Israel.

Allowing them full control over the Palestinians without fully recognizing their rights or granting them the opportunity to vote. According to Israeli and international human rights organizations, Israel has gradually built a kind of racism in the occupied territories. Following Hamas’s massacre of nearly 1,200 Israelis, the conflict has now entered unknown territory.

Appsha Digital

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