Thursday, July 25, 2024

Prajatantra Diwas/ Nirwachan Diwas

“Prajatantra Diwas,” or National Democracy Day, is a special and significant day in the Nepal. I have decided to discuss democracy and its meaning, which some of the most educated individuals appear to be unsure of.

Imagine stepping into a time machine and going back 2500 years to ancient Greece. It sounds strange, yet the root of democracy starts there. It mainly refers to popular governance, with decisions made through mass votes. Simply put, this method was similar to a ballot in that a large crowd gathers at a set time, and a majority decision were form. Demos means people, and Kratos means power; this is how modern democracy was born.

Context of Nepal

In the context of Nepal, many Nepali have given their lives for the word and value of “democracy.” This generally acknowledges political ruling system is perhaps the most difficult to preserve and achieve. Nepal’s democracy has an unstable past of establishment, snatching, and recovering. During the 1940s, Nepal’s people and civil society fought against the Ranas’ autocratic family system, and democracy became a reality in 1951. Today, the nation remembers the historic day of “Falgun 7” as Rastriya Prajatantra Diwas.

This unusual historical feat in Nepali political history, got stolen away by the king in 1961. Monarchs put in a partyless panchayat system lasting 30 years. During which all parties were prohibited, and residents’ fundamental democratic rights were seized. Finally, in 1990, democracy came back through numerous movements and massive protests, and the monarchy came under the constitution. Meanwhile, Maoists began a people’s revolution to oppose imperialist powers and construct an inclusive system. Along with the joint action of other political parties and Maoists, a campaign against the monarch’s autocratic steps took place. This popular movement successfully abolished the monarchy and established the Republic of Nepal (The Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2006).

Nirwachan Diwas

The start of Nepal’s first general elections on Falgun 7, 2015 B.S.. Defined an important turning point for the country’s democracy, and the Election Commission aims to mark the anniversary as Election Day. This memorial day, now in its eighth year as of 2080 B.S., honors the start of a new era in Nepali governance and citizen participation. With the fundamental right to vote solidly established, the annual celebration has become more significant, reflecting the country’s dedication to democratic ideas and practices.

Under the Election Commission’s keen eye, Nepal’s Election Day has become synonymous with various initiatives. This includes awareness campaigns, voter education drives, and attempts to maintain the integrity and fairness of the election process. Through these continuous efforts, the Election Commission hopes to develop an informed, engaged, and empowered electorate, creating the foundation for a more dynamic and inclusive political landscape in Nepal.

Appsha Digital

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