Sunday, July 14, 2024

Nepal’s History of Seismic Events

The catastrophic earthquake that struck western Nepal has brought about a deep tragedy. Not unlike seismic events in Nepal’s history, this too has resulted in the loss of precious lives, the disruption of families, and the destruction of homes. According to the National Earthquake Monitoring and Research Centre, the earthquake, originating from an epicenter located in the Jajarkot district, was registered at 11:47 PM.

The earthquake has been felt most severely in the Jajarkot and Rukum districts of western Nepal. This is where it claimed the lives of at least 153 individuals. Nearly 400 people have been injured. It has left a trail of destruction, damaging approximately 8,000 houses, both public and private. In addition to the structural damage, the Department of Roads reported that roads and bridges were also impacted and suffered damage.

Houses destroyed by earthquake
Houses destroyed by earthquake

A Look at the History

Positioned in the vulnerable Himalayan seismic zone, Nepal is a highly earthquake prone country. Over the years, Nepal has experienced a series of devastating earthquakes, leaving a trail of tragedy and destruction. Let us take a look at Nepal’s recent history of seismic events. 

  1. July 29, 1980: A 6.5 magnitude earthquake struck the Nepal-India border. It claimed the lives of at least 200 people and caused injuries to thousands.
  2. August 20, 1988: A powerful 6.9 magnitude quake rattled the capital of Nepal. It resulted in the loss of at least 1,000 lives and left thousands injured.
  3. April 25, 2015: A catastrophic 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck, marking the deadliest earthquake in Nepal’s recent history. It claimed the lives of around 9,000 people and inflicted damage on approximately 1 million structures. The previous deadliest earthquake in the region occurred in 1934, with over 8,000 fatalities.
  4. May 12, 2015: One of the numerous aftershocks from the April 25 earthquake claimed the lives of over 200 people. This aftershock registered a magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale. It caused injuries to more than 2,000.
  5. November 10, 2022: A 5.7 magnitude earthquake rocked the mountains of western Nepal. It resulted in the unfortunate loss of at least six lives.
  6. November 3, 2023: A 5.6 magnitude earthquake struck northwestern Nepal. It caused a tragic loss of over 150 lives and injuring dozens. 

A significant aftershock following the recent earthquake was recently documented in the Jajarkot district. This aftershock, which registered a magnitude of 5.8 on the Richter scale, originated at Ramidanda and transpired at precisely 4:31 pm today. The National Earthquake Monitoring and Research Centre located in Surkhet confirmed this seismic event. highlighting the ongoing seismic activity in the region.

People gather around following the aftermath of the quake
People gather around following the aftermath of the quake

Bottom Line

This jarring history of seismic events remind us of the ongoing earthquake risk in Nepal, highlighting the vital need for earthquake preparedness and resilience in the region. It is of utmost importance to remember the earthquake safety guidelines that are specifically designed to mitigate the risks associated with seismic events. While we cannot prevent earthquakes, we can significantly reduce their destructive potential by understanding and implementing earthquake safety guidelines and fostering a culture of preparedness. 

Luzon Technologies

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