Sunday, July 14, 2024

Nepali Women in Politics

Over time, involment of women in politics in Nepal has been increasing if we were to see stats. We also have to look at the current global political scenario and the stats is saddening. It is mandatory for 33% of women to be involved in every legislative sector. In this article, we will cover the history and current situation of Nepali women in politics. We surely would like to hear your opinion on this, but first, let’s have a look at this article.

History of Nepali Women in Politics

If we start with Nepali Women in political history, we could start with the 1959 Parliamentary election. Let’s have a look at the texts below.

1959 Parliamentary Election:

6 women candidates participated, but all lost.
109 men were elected.

Rastriya Panchayat, 1986 (Legislative) Election:

Out of 140 parliamentarian members, only 3 women were elected.

Parliamentary Election, 1991:

Out of 205 legislative representatives, only 7 (3.4%) were women.

Parliamentary and Local Bodies, 1999:

In 1999, 12 (5.85%) out of 205 members of parliament were women.
806 (19.4%) out of 4146 local elected representatives were women.

Constituent Assembly, 2008:

30 out of 240 elected Constituent Assembly members were women.
The total number of members of the Constituent Assembly, including the Proportional Representative System, was 197, constituting 32.77% of the total 601 CA members.

Constituent Assembly, 2013:

Out of 240 elected candidates, only 10 (4.1%) were women.

These statistics show that women’s representation in Nepali elections has been improving so far over time. These statistics also show that there have been numbers and proportions elected to various legislative bodies.

Challenges in Current Nepali Politics

In the 2015 Constitution of Nepal, there is an intention to improve gender inclusion by requiring 33% female involvement in state operations. Despite winning 41% of newly elected positions and 34% of Provincial Assembly seats, women’s political power is limited, and practical challenges persist as a result of deep-seated discrimination. Women’s quota participation in Parliament is frequently on debate. 

The considerable gains have been made, including the election of the President of Nepal, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and the Speaker of the Parliament. True gender equality, on the other hand, necessitates more than token representation. The accomplishments thus far emphasize the importance of continuous action by all stakeholders to break down obstacles and promote meaningful participation of women in Nepal’s political scene.


Finally, Nepal’s harrowing journey from Rana rule to the Panchayat era, the Maoist insurgency, and the foundation of the Federal Democratic Republic is a dramatic sociopolitical shift. Despite these uncertainties, Nepali women have continuously been opposing patriarchal conventions and launching rights campaigns.

Despite enormous impediments to political engagement, Nepalese women have shown incredible perseverance and achievement over the last decade. The achievement of the 33% quota for women in Parliament and other significant political and bureaucratic bodies is visible proof of their accomplishments.

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