Sunday, July 14, 2024
Civics

Nepal Republic Day

Republic Day (Nepali: गणतन्त्र दिवस) is a significant day in Nepali history that indicates the beginning of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. The formation of the republic put an end to years of rebellion. The government of Nepal grants a public holiday to commemorate this day.

Jestha 15 (May 28) is celebrated in Nepali history as Nepal Republic Day, as it was one of the crucial steps the citizens of Nepal took toward their freedom and the establishment of a nation ruled by its people by overthrowing the oppressive monarchy. Republic Day is a Nepalese public holiday that marks the establishment of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal on May 28, 2008. The formation of the republic put an end to years of civil strife.

1769 Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered the Kathmandu Valley and a series of minor sovereign nations settled in the country. The Rana dynasty, which ruled the kingdom until 1951, was created in 1846 by Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana. The king lost real power when the prime minister and other government roles became hereditary.

Dissatisfaction with the Rana administration sparked the 1951 revolution, which ended the Rana regime. Nepal was formerly a constitutional monarchy, but King Mahendra suspended the constitution in 1960 and became an absolute ruler. When his son Birendra took over the king, he implemented certain democratic changes.

The first election after 32 formed the new government of the people’s choice in 1991. However, the new government’s policies triggered an economic downturn. In the early 1990s, civil unrest escalated into a full-fledged civil war. On May 28, 2008, Nepal became a republic due to the conflict. This civil war effectively ended the 240-year-old monarchy.

On this day, the Nepal Army Pavilion in Tundikhel hosts a program, with the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, and other ministers and senior officials attending. Similarly, the country’s security forces stage many precise exercises and parades to commemorate the occasion. The Nepal Army, Armed Police Force, and Nepal Police conduct patriotic musical events and present Nepal’s favorite shows, Maruni and Kaura. The Metropolitan Traffic Police Division, women police officers, and army soldiers deliver bands. Various festivities observe Republic Day throughout the country, aside from Kathmandu.

On Jestha 15, 2065, of the Nepali calendar, the country officially ended centuries of monarchy. This day we embrace the republican ideology as its governing system. Consequently, people observe this day to mark an important moment in the country’s history, as the day has taken a critical step towards becoming a federal democratic republic.

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