Thursday, July 25, 2024
Civics

Lichhavi King Of Nepal

Nepal has a history of over 2,500 years, with the Lichhavi era being one of the most important periods. The Lichhavi era spanned from the 4th to the 9th C.E. The Lichhavi rulers dominated the Kathmandu Valley and beyond throughout this period. Due to this, they have a permanent mark on our society and culture. The Lichhavi king, in particular, is recognized for his compassionate oversight and encouragement of the arts. In this article, we’ll look into the famous Lichhavi dynasty, who left cultural and political development ar Kathmandu.

Beginning

The Lichchhavi dynasty, which ruled over the Kathmandu Valley and beyond for more than 500 years, had its origins in the Vaisalia kingdom. This ancient kingdom is located in present-day Bihar, India.

Ajatsatru, the great ruler of Magadha, invaded and destroyed Vaisalia in the fifth century BCE. The Vaisalian kingdom was destroyed, and the Lichchhavis were forced to depart their homeland. Kathmandu’s natural beauty and wealth drew them in, and they decided to stay. Supuspa was the first Lichchhavi to set foot in Nepal, and he was followed by many others seeking refuge.

Golden Gate

Mana Dev

Mana Deva, the son of Dharma Deva, is the most well-known of Nepal’s Lichchhavi monarchs. He was courageous, brave, and skilled in the art of fighting. After his father died, his mother, Rajyavati, raised good qualities in him. Mana Deva ascended to the throne at a young age and faced rebellions from Thakuri governors of the eastern provinces.

He did, however, put down the uprising and expanded his rule to the west and north, adding Mallapur with the assistance of his maternal uncle. He was a strong devotee of Lord Vishnu and Buddhism and constructed many Vihars, stupas, and the Changunarayan temple.

Mana Dev also produced coins bearing his name, known as ‘Mananka,’ and built the famous royal residence ‘Mangriha’ at Gokarna. He was a wise administrator and protector of his people. Following Mana Deva, the kings of Nepal were Mahideva and Basanta Deva. A few generations after Basantadeva, Shiva Deva I, the son of Mana Deva II, ascended the kingdom. Mana Deva is regarded as Nepal’s first historically true king.

Shivadeva

Shivadeva was another famous Lichchhavi dynasty ruler. He ascends to the throne in 588 A.D. He put Amshuverma in control of the country’s entire administration from the start of his leadership. Amshuverma’s bravery and administrative ability impressed Shiva Deva I. As a result, he married his daughter to Amshuverma and awarded him the title ‘Mahasamanta.’ The dual administration was then maintained for some time.

Aakhi Jhyal

Amshuverma

Amshuverma was the de-facto ruler during Shivadeva’s reign. When Shivadeva died in 605 A.D., he became the sole sovereign and took the title of king. As a member of the Thakuri clan, he established the Thakuri dynasty in Nepal. He constructed the ‘Kailashkut Bhavan’ in Devapattan and moved the seat of government from Mangriha to Kailashkut. He also had coins made in his honour.

Amshuverma possessed all of the kingly attributes and virtues. He was a sincere government with no biased ideology. According to several inscriptions, King Shiva Deva declared that Amshuverma was a man of wide reputation and that his heroic nature always destroyed his enemies. He practiced Shaivism but was open to various religions. He placed a high value on improving the country’s trade and commerce to improve people’s economic situation. Nepal had trade links with India, Tibet, and China, serving as an entry point for Indian trade with China and vice versa. He valued both industrial progress and agricultural prosperity equally. 

Amshuverma tried to serve the people by building canals to irrigate the land. He imposed a water tax, a land tax, a defence tax, and a luxury tax. He spent money from these sources on the country’s development. 

Usay Dev I

After Amshuverma died, Usay Dev I, Shivadeva’s son, ascended to the throne. Dhurba Dev, his younger brother, overthrew him. He travelled to Tibet and found refuge with Srong Tsang Gampo. Jisnu Gupta, the leader of the Avir dynasty, assisted Dhruba Dev in gaining the crown. Jisnu Gupta reigned from Kailashkut Bhavan, while Dhurba Dev controlled from Mangriha.

Gupta wielded administrative authority. Kailashkut Bhavan served as the country’s administrative center. As a result, there existed a dual government. Jisnu Gupta eventually became the de facto ruler. He produced coins in his name, just like Amshuverma, and called himself King of Nepal. A descendant of Amshuverma was installed on the throne after Dhurba Dev. However, Jisnu Gupta’s son Bishnu Gupta took over as the true ruler.

Changunarayan Temple

Narendra Dev

Uday Dev II’s son was Narendra Dev. Narendra Dev terminated the double rule and became the Lichchhavi dynasty’s seventh king. He rose to the throne in 640 A.D. He was a knowledgeable and capable monarch. Narendra Dev, as a King, always wanted his people to be happy and rich. Narendra Dev was a pleasure-seeking emperor. He enjoyed beautifying himself, his palace, and his subjects. People wore bamboo and bone earplugs. He brought the patron god Machchhendranath from Kamrup (Assam, India).

They worshiped Panchayan, which consisted of five Gods: Ganesh, Shiva, Bishnu, the Sun God, and Goddess Durga. The dwellings were composed of wood and were lavishly carved and painted.  

The property walls were carved with images of gods and goddesses as well as other animals. Thus, Narendra Dev’s rule was far advanced in all fields, particularly art and architecture. He died in the year 683 A.D.

Jaya Dev II

Jaya Deva II succeeded Shivadeva II on the throne. He married Rajyavati, the daughter of Koshal’s King Harsha Dev. He was a wonderful poet and a learned man. When his mother, Betsa Devi, presented a silver lotus to Pashupatinath, he composed a song.

He imprinted it on a stone behind the massive brass image of Nandi (bull) in front of Pashupatinath’s temple. During his reign, Tibet attempted but failed to invade Nepal and was defeated by the Nepalese. During the clash, the Tibetan king was killed. Nepal was ruled by Jaya Deva II till 729 A.D.

Conclusion

In the Lichhavi Dynasty era, Kathmandu Valley’s architecture and culture flourished significantly. The ruling kings prioritized the advancement of civilization and culture, which paved the way for remarkable progress. This era is also known as the ‘Golden Period’. 

 If you enjoyed reading this article, please show your support by liking, sharing, and following us for more exciting content. In our next piece, we will delve into the civilization during the Lichhavi Era

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