Sunday, July 14, 2024
Civics

Interesting Facts About Chandra Shumsher

We are about to unravel the captivating story of Chandra Shumsher. Here are some interesting facts about Chandra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana.

A figure shrouded in controversy and illustrated with remarkable achievements, Chandra Shumsher. He has left an indelible mark on Nepal’s rich tapestry. Serving as the Prime Minister from 1901 to 1929, his tenure was characterized by cleaning modernization efforts that moved the nation forward. But the tale doesn’t end there! Following his passing, his brother Bhim Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana stepped into his shoes, carrying on the torch of reform and revolutionizing Nepal’s government into a model reminiscent of the West. In this delightful blog post, we will tell you some Interesting facts about Chandra Shumsher and his extraordinary life journey, from humble beginnings to influential roles in shaping modern Nepal. Prepare to know more about the tale of a visionary leader who transformed the landscape of Kathmandu and beyond.

1 First Educated Prime Minister Of Nepal

Maharaj Chandra Shumsher J. B. Rana

When his father, General Dhir Shumsher, travelled to Europe, he wanted to provide his children with the best education available at the time. Chandra Shumsher’s academic journey began in Kolkata. It made him the first Nepalese Prime Minister to complete the matric exams. During his convocation address in 1884, the then-Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University praised him for his passion for knowledge. The distinguished academic praised Chandra Shumsher as “a gentleman who has demonstrated his ability to handle the pen as efficiently as the sword.”

2 Incredible Diplomat

Chandra Shumsher was fluent in English and well-connected in Calcutta, the then-capital of British India. This connection made him greatly appreciated by his brother, Prime Minister BirShumsher, for his outstanding diplomatic abilities. He was an important member of the Munsi Khana, the Office of foreign affairs. Here he skilfully conducted discussions with the British, French, and even Qing China and received high praise for his skill in relationship-building. During his tenure, Nepal witnessed a significant milestone—the visit of the British king, King George V, exceeding the accomplishments of his predecessor, Jung Bahadur Rana. Chandra successfully obtained the “Nepal-Britain Treaty of 1923,” which recognized Nepal as an independent nation and ally of the British Empire— an aim Jung had pursued but failed to achieve. 

3 An Inventor

Prime Minister Chandra Shumsher Rana (left) with King George V (right) during a 1911 hunting expedition in the Terai.

Upon his return from Europe, the realization dawned upon Chandra Shumsher that Nepal needed to embark on new development projects. Ensuring the Western world would perceive it as something other than a backward nation. Under his visionary leadership, the inaugural railway service in Nepal. It is known as the Nepal Government Railway, which commenced its operations from Raxaul to Amlekhganj, marking a significant stride forward. Numerous canals were constructed across the fertile Terai region, enhancing irrigation and agricultural productivity.

Furthermore, Chandra Shumsher’s commitment to healthcare resulted in establishing of hospitals that spanned the breadth of Nepal. To this day, the Chandra Jyoti Hydro Power project at Pharping carries his name for his efforts in the field. 

The illustrious Singha Durbar, an architectural marvel encompassing a staggering 1200 rooms, is a monumental testament to his reign. Not only that, but Chandra Shumsher’s indelible legacy also includes the construction of the historic Chandra Nahar, the oldest canal in Nepal, located in Saptari. Finally, his remarkable contributions are commemorated by the township of Chandranigahpur in the Rautahat district. Chandra Shumsher left an enduring imprint on Nepal’s landscape through his dedication and transformative efforts, guiding the nation into an era of progress and prosperity.

4 Banning Sati Pratha 

He banned the Sati ritual and made it unlawful to be killed for witchcraft. Sardar RamMani Acharya Dixit counselled him and guaranteed he would stop ritual suicide and implement more changes. This includes eradicating slavery with funds from the Pashupatinath temple treasury. These reforms had been long overdue and were executed by Chandra Shumsher.

5 Establishment of Tri-Chandra College

Since Chandra was a metric graduate, he also emphasized education in Nepal, though with an ulterior goal. In 1975 B.S., he established Nepal’s first college, Tri-Chandra College. This allows Nepalese students to pursue further education in Nepal rather than abroad.

6 Peace Through Major War Events

Rhino presented to King George V by Maharaja Chandra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana

Chandra Shumsher’s reign was the second longest in Nepalese history, behind only Jung Bahadur’s reign. During this period of leadership, he provided significant stability to Nepal, particularly during turbulent times such as World War I and other major world events. Under his steady leadership, the country survived and remained calm despite misfortune. The enduring rule of Chandra Shumsher acted as a pillar of strength, safeguarding the nation’s stability and security in the face of hardship.

7 Europe Tour

Following Jung Bahadur Rana’s footsteps, Chandra Shumsher became Nepal’s second prime minister to make a historic journey to the United Kingdom and tour Europe. During his visit to Britain, he was warmly hosted at Mortimer House and accorded His Majesty Edward VII’s kindness. Immersed in the experience, Chandra Shumsher cheerfully participated in British Royal Navy naval training sessions, even meeting the French President aboard one of the ships arranged by Edward VII. This historic journey was a turning point in Nepal’s diplomatic relations, highlighting Chandra Shumsher’s engagement with foreign leaders of the period.

8 Bestowed Most Prestigious Degree

The Maharaja And The Monarch

The University of Oxford granted the popular honoris causa Doctor of Civil Laws degree to Chandra Shumsher on June 24. This outstanding honour is significant because he is the first Nepalese statesman and citizen to get such an honour. The University of Oxford, known for its academic quality, recognized Chandra Shumsher’s outstanding contributions and leadership with this prestigious degree. This historic occasion celebrates his enduring legacy and enormous impact on national and international stages.

In The End

Finally, looking into the interesting facts about Chandra Shumsher shows a prominent man in Nepalese history. Chandra Shumsher’s apparent effect on Nepal, from his role as a reformer and diplomat to his enormous efforts to modernise the country. He developed important infrastructure projects, including canals and hospitals. His diplomatic abilities were also acknowledged globally, as indicated by his encounters with world leaders and the award the University of Oxford bestowed upon him. Chandra Shumsher’s legacy arouses curiosity and inspires greater investigation into Nepal’s rich tapestry of history.

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