Monday, July 22, 2024
Health & Fitness

Dengue Cases on the Rise in Nepal: What You Need to Know

Dengue cases are rising as Nepal experiences chaotic heavy monsoon rains. Are we ready for dengue fever’s growing threat? It is essential to recognize the hazards and take preventative action to guarantee safety.

Current Dengue Situation

Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, in particular, are the vectors of the dengue virus. The Zika virus, yellow fever, and chikungunya are among the other illnesses that these mosquitoes are known to carry, according to the World Health Organization.

According to the Health Office Kathmandu, approximately 18 new cases of dengue are reported daily, though this number likely underestimates the true scale of infections. Dr Arjun Sapkota, chief of the Health Office, emphasizes the need for mandatory daily reporting from all health facilities to accurately track and manage outbreaks.

In 73 districts of Nepal, over 1,432 persons have contracted dengue since January. With 159 instances, Kathmandu is the most active city, followed by Jhapa, Chitwan, Makawanpur, Tanahun, Doti, Okhaldhunga, and Sindhupalchowk.

Preventive Measures

To curb the spread of dengue, local authorities are implementing proactive measures such as:

Daily Reporting: Ensuring all health facilities report dengue cases daily to identify and respond to outbreaks promptly.

Community Initiatives: Resuming the “10 minutes at 10 am” campaign to destroy mosquito breeding grounds, particularly in high-risk areas like Kathmandu Metropolitan City.

Symptoms of Dengue

Since dengue symptoms, which can include high fever, excruciating muscle pain, rash, headache, and eye pain, can range from moderate to severe, early detection is essential. Timely medical attention and symptomatic therapy can avoid mortality even in the absence of a specific cure.

Source: Manipal Hospital

Historical Context

Dengue first appeared in Nepal in 2004 and has since become endemic, with recurring outbreaks affecting all 77 districts. Recent years have seen significant fatalities and infections, underscoring the need for continued vigilance.

Take Precautionary Actions

To keep yourself and your neighborhood safe:

Remove Breeding Sites: Frequently inspect and clean areas—such as exposed tanks and abandoned containers—that contain stagnant water.

Use Mosquito Repellent: Since Aedes mosquitoes bite throughout the day, apply repellent during this time.

Seek Medical Attention: Get attention right away if you suffer symptoms like a fever or excruciating discomfort.

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