Sunday, July 14, 2024

Awareness of Child Labor Laws in Nepal

Child labor remains a significant issue in Nepal, despite laws designed to protect children. The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2056 (2000) strictly prohibits engaging children under the age of 14 in any form of labor. It also forbids involving children in risky or hazardous work, ensuring their safety and well-being. However, recent events indicate the ongoing challenges in enforcing these laws effectively.

Child Labor in Nepal
Source: Spotlight Nepal

The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2056 (2000) primarily aims to safeguard children from labor exploitation in Nepal. Key provisions include:

  1. Employers cannot hire children under 14 years as laborers.
  2. Employers cannot involve children in risky jobs, as detailed in the law’s schedule.
  3. No one should force children into labor against their will through manipulation, fear, or coercion.

These laws protect children’s rights and ensure they have the opportunity to attend school and enjoy their childhood.

Notwithstanding these legal safeguards, child labor is still a major issue in Nepal and other countries. According to new research from UNICEF and the International Labour Organization (ILO), there are 160 million child laborers worldwide, up 8.4 million in only the last four years. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the situation and increased the number of people at risk of being pushed into labor by millions.

Awareness of Child Labor Laws in Nepal
Source: Nepalnews

The study draws attention to the alarming rise in child work among youngsters between the ages of 5 and 11, who currently make up more than half of all child laborers worldwide. Additionally, the number of children engaged in hazardous work has risen to 79 million, posing severe risks to their health, safety, and well-being.

Efforts to Combat

The Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) has been actively working to combat child labor. In a recent operation, KMC rescued four child laborers working inside Singha Durbar, the largest administrative center in the country. These children were found working in various canteens and could not attend school. Notably, three of the four rescued children lacked citizenship, raising significant security concerns.

Dhiraj Joshi, a member of the Mayor’s Secretariat, expressed concern about the employment of children without citizenship in such a high-security area. This incident underscores the need for stringent enforcement of child labor laws and better coordination among government agencies.

Source: myRepublica

In The End

Child labor remains a critical issue in Nepal, despite strong legal protections. The rise in global child labor figures and recent local incidents highlight the need for ongoing vigilance and proactive measures. Public awareness and cooperation are crucial in the fight to eradicate it and protect the future of Nepal.

Luzon Technologies

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